An English botany book in 1597 described the madde or raging Apple: This plant groweth in Egypt almost everywhere... bringing foorth fruite of the bignes of a great Cucumber.... We have had the same in our London gardens, where it hath borne flowers, but the winter approching before the time of ripening, it perished: notwithstanding it came to beare fruite of the bignes of a goose egge one extraordinarie temperate yeere... but never to the full ripenesse. Years and years ago, when Europeans came across the eggplant for … Female P. operculella use the leaves to lay their eggs and the hatched larvae will eat away at the mesophyll of the leaf. [2] A diet incorporating African nightshade is recommended for pregnant or nursing mothers, as it is good for people with iron deficiencies, and malaria patients. The poisons in the plants are defence against animals that might eat them. For this reason, it should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives. Some common cultivars have fruit that is egg-shaped, glossy, and purple with white flesh and a spongy, "meaty" texture. [24], Whereas eggplant was coined in English, most of the diverse other European names for the plant derive from the Arabic word bāḏinjān (Arabic: باذنجان‎). … [33] Bt brinjal was approved for commercial cultivation in Bangladesh in 2013.[34]. Many members of the … [56], The color of purple skin cultivars is due to the anthocyanin nasunin. [4], "Mutation breeding of African Nightshade (Solanum section Solanum)", "Exploiting the Genetic Diversity of Vegetable African Nightshades", "African Indigenous Vegetables in Urban Agriculture", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=African_nightshade&oldid=982372473, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 18:47. However, the green part at the top, the calyx, does have to be removed when preparing an eggplant for cooking. The most widely cultivated varieties—cultivars—in Europe and North America today are elongated ovoid, 12–25 cm (4 1⁄2–10 in) long and 6–9 cm (2 1⁄2–3 1⁄2 in) broad with a dark purple skin. It provides low amounts of essential nutrients, with only manganese having a moderate percentage (11%) of the Daily Value. [1] African nightshades are grown in both high and lowland areas in West and East Africa, particularly in Nigeria and Cameroon. Traditional, white-skinned, egg-shaped cultivars include 'Casper' and 'Easter Egg'. [4] The berries of this plant can be black or orange, depending on the species. An online search of “nightshade vegetables” yields results linking them to a host of health ailments from arthritis to migraines. Nightshade vegetables such as tomatoes, eggplants, and potatoes can aggravate food sensitivities or intolerances. [40][41], In Korean cuisine, eggplants are known as gaji (가지). [2] Shady conditions cause a reduction in total plant weight, as well as leaf yield. Solanum trongum Poir. Perhaps the best-known Turkish eggplant dishes are imam bayıldı (vegetarian) and karnıyarık (with minced meat). Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit.. [23] The Oxford English Dictionary records that between 1797 and 1888, the name vegetable egg was also used. A few proteins and at least one secondary metabolite have been identified as potential allergens. [4] Picking is done in weekly intervals and the African nightshade can be sun-dried on banana leaves post-harvest as a means of preservation. It can be stuffed. [citation needed], Though African nightshades are not drought tolerant, procedures can be done to help retain moisture such as mulching with tall grass. [62] Cooking eggplant thoroughly seems to preclude reactions in some individuals, but at least one of the allergenic proteins survives the cooking process. Individuals who are atopic (genetically predisposed to developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions) are more likely to have a reaction to eggplant, which may be because eggplant is high in histamines. [57], The browning of eggplant flesh results from the oxidation of polyphenols, such as the most abundant phenolic compound in the fruit, chlorogenic acid.[58]. The less common white varieties of eggplant are also known as Easter white eggplants, garden eggs, Casper or white eggplant. He also recognized the varieties aculeatum, inerme, and subinerme at that time. From Arabic, the word was borrowed into European languages. The Arabic word bāḏinjān was borrowed into Greek by the eleventh century CE. Eggplant is widely used in its native India, for example in sambar (a tamarind lentil stew), dalma (a dal preparation with vegetables, native to Odisha), chutney, curry, and achaar (a pickled dish). Except for in South America, most nightshades were looked at … [44] However the most popular eggplant dish is tortang talong, an omelette made from grilling an eggplant, dipping it into beaten eggs, and pan-frying the mixture. Take the nightshade vegetables or Solanaceae, a plant family that includes eggplant, peppers, potatoes and tomatoes. The first known written record of the plant is found in Qimin Yaoshu, an ancient Chinese agricultural treatise completed in 544 C.E. Raw eggplant is 92% water, 6% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and has negligible fat (table). The dish has several variants, including rellenong talong which is stuffed with meat and vegetables. Nightshade Vegetables List (Fruits And Leaves Are On It Too) Since you now know a bit more about nightshades, let’s go through some of those on the nightshade vegetable list one by one and see what there is to uncover about how potatoes, tomatoes, and their friends can potentially wreak havoc on your system. The flowers and leaves can be poisonous if consumed in large quantities due to the presence of solanine. The Italian melanzana, through folk-etymology, was adapted to mela insana ('mad apple'): already by the thirteenth century, this name had given rise to a tradition that eggplants could cause insanity. [citation needed] Traditionally, African nightshade was collected from the wild and given as a souvenir by family and friends, who were traveling from rural areas, to town dwellers. They are known as talong and is widely used in many stew and soup dishes, like pinakbet. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines.Typically used as a vegetable in cooking, it is a berry by botanical definition. Family: Solanaceae. An example of it use is in the dish hasamiyaki (挟み焼き) in which slices of eggplant are grilled and filled with a meat stuffing.

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